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Monday, July 20, 2020 | History

4 edition of Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration found in the catalog.

Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration

Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration

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Published by Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Books and Open-File Reports Section [distributor] in Denver, Colo .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Evapotranspiration -- Measurement -- Equipment and supplies,
  • Botanical apparatus,
  • Plants -- Transpiration -- Measurement

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 17)

    Statementby David I. Stannard
    SeriesU.S. Geological Survey open-file report -- 88-452
    ContributionsGeological Survey (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 microfiche
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13612922M

    Evapotranspiration Data Report June Doc No. HAM-ED This document’s use of trade, product, or firm names is for des criptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the Sou thern Nevada hemispherical measurement chambers. The EC method is . I also used a hemispherical flux chamber I developed (Stannard, ), to partition ET between the major species and bare soil evaporation at Walnut Gulch (Stannard and Weltz, ). This collaboration led to further involvement with the Washita ’92 experiment in Oklahoma (Stannard et al., ) and the BOREAS experiment held in Saskatchewan.

    Calibration of the chamber confirms the suitability of the device to measure the amount of water vapour produced by local plant evapotranspiration, producing a calibration factor (C) close to 1 (C. Recently, the use of remotely sensed data (radiation and land cover) has been combined with theoretical forest canopy ET estimates to estimate continental scale ET across Canada (Liu et al., ); however, for this method, the radiation measurements have been limited in time and therefore the ET estimates have been made only for a single year.

    Hemi engine → Hemispherical combustion chamber – This is what the article is about. "Hemispherical combustion chamber" would be a more accurate and more general title, while remaining perfectly understandable. Hemi is a Chrysler trademark and closely associated with Chrysler engines; hemispherical combustion chamber engines were used a wealth of different manufacturers. A portable hemispherical flux chamber was used to measure evapotranspiration at fixed locations on the disposal fields and on the surrounding terrain at sites A and B. Data from hemispherical flux chamber measurements were used to calibrate a Penman-Monteith modeled evapotranspiration rate on the disposal field and on the surrounding terrain at.


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Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration Download PDF EPUB FB2

USE OF A HEMISPHERICAL CHAMBER FOR MEASUREMENT OF EVAPOTRANSPIRATION By David I. Stannard ABSTRACT A small acrylic hemispherical chamber can be deployed over vegetation by one person to estimate_ET (evapotranspiration).

Equipment cost is less than one-fourth that of micrometeorological (Bowen-ratio or eddy- correlation) by: Get this from a library. Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration. [David I Stannard; Geological Survey (U.S.)]. Stone, collecting evapotranspiration measurements using a hemispherical chamber at the Amargosa Desert Research Site near Beatty, Nye County, Nevada.

(Photograph taken by Brian Andraski, Research Hydrologist, Carson City, Nevada, ). Apparatus for measurement An outline of the apparatus is shown in Fig.

In case of measurement, the plant to be examined is covered with a transparent chamber and the chamber is aired by a ventilator, The absolute humidity of the air Fig. Apparatus A: Transpiration chambe1. B: Ring fo1 keeping chaml) by: 1. Allison DW, Mooers HD, Johnston CA, Pastor J, Brown T () Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration in a boreal forest wetland ecosystem (poster).

Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration book Google ScholarAuthor: Carol A. Johnston, Terry N.

Brown, Kirsten Cahow-Scholtes. A portable, hemispherical evaporation chamber ( m 3; Alam et al. ()) was utilized to measure the field evapotranspiration (ET c) directly from the target canopy. The ‘dome’ chamber was fitted with sensors and a data logger and calibrated beforehand to precisely measure the vapor accumulation from transpiration and/or evaporation following the protocol of Alam et al.

Evapotranspiration partitioning was conveniently done using a hemispherical chamber. • K c, K e and K cb were separately calculated with the help pf environmental data.

• LAI and NDVI of target pasture canopy were measured using handheld optical sensors. • Relationship between crop coefficients and vegetation properties were identified. It is desirable to be able to measure the crop evapotranspiration coincident with such measurements; in situ, at the same spatial scale and at very near, if not at the same time.

One solution is the use of a portable hemispherical evaporation chamber for directly recording evapotranspiration in situ (Stannard, ). Portable Chamber Measurements of Evapotranspiration at the Amargosa Desert Research Site near Beatty, Nye County, Nevada, –06 D.I.,Use of a hemispherical chamber for measurement of evapotranspiration: U.S.

Geological Survey Open-File Report 88‑ Stannard, D.I., and Weltz, M.A.,Partitioning evapotranspiration in. Evapotranspiration can be measured, at a site which also measures rainfall, by using a lysimeter which Measurement of Evapotranspiration by. The system consists of six chambers, sampled consecutively by means of a dynamic closed-chamber design, and is fully automated to allow replicable long-term measurements.

However, the use of such a system is subject to measurement errors due to vapor adsorption along the sampling tubes and inappropriate internal ventilation. Partitioning evapotranspiration in sparsely vegetated rangeland [Grau, ].

Although the measure-ment is direct, the use of chambers often is criticized based on their potential to alter the natural environment of the The chamber consists of an upper, hemispherical part (mm thick), and a lower, cylindrical part (mm.

[1] A portable chamber was used to separate evapotranspiration (ET) from a sparse, mixed‐species shrub canopy in southeastern Arizona, United States, into vegetation and soil r measurements were made of ET from the five dominant species, and from bare soil, on 3 days during the monsoon season when the soil surface was dry.

The chamber measurements were assembled. Automated Chamber System to Measure Field Evapotranspiration Rates Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 20(2) February with Reads How we measure.

1. Introduction. Evapotranspiration (ET) is a major unknown variable involved in the understanding of ecohydrological systems and can amount to up to 95% of the water balance in dry areas (Wilcox et al., ).The individual components of ET include evaporation from the soil (E) and transpiration through the stomata of plants (T), and in some instances evaporation of water.

Evapotranspiration (ET) is a vital component of a field water balance. Canopy chambers are a promising method for determining crop ET because they are portable and applicable at a relatively small plot (m2) scale. Although a variety of canopy chamber designs have been proposed, field tests are still necessary to evaluate chamber performance for measuring crop ET.

The portable, closed‐chamber technique permits simultaneous measurement of crop canopy photosynthesis (carbon dioxide exchange rate, CER) and evapotranspiration rate (ET) under field conditions and i. The measurement of water fluxes from canopy and soil surfaces is performed in sunlit controlled environment chambers by measuring condensate draining from cooling coils in a constant humidity en-vironment.

This provides a direct measure of evapotranspiration (ET). However, in growth chambers with soilbins, this does not give in. One solution is the use of a portable hemispherical evaporation chamber for directly recording evapotranspiration in situ (Stannard, ).

This is a convenient method requiring only a few minutes. Distinctions are made (Figure 4) between reference crop evapotranspiration (ET o), crop evapotranspiration under standard conditions (ET c) and crop evapotranspiration under non-standard conditions (ET c adj).ET o is a climatic parameter expressing the evaporation power of the atmosphere.

ET c refers to the evapotranspiration from excellently managed, large, well-watered fields that. The indirect method is to use an instrument, such as digital hemispherical photography, and the LI-COR LAI Plant Canopy Analyzer. The performance improvement of these instruments is related to its manufacturers.

The direct method is to measure the leaf area within a specific area and calculate LAI values with the calibration equations [44,45].Quantifying green roof evapotranspiration (ET) in urban climates is important for assessing environmental benefits, including stormwater runoff attenuation and urban heat island mitigation.

In this study, a dynamic chamber method was developed to quantify ET on two extensive green roofs located in New York City, NY. Hourly chamber measurements taken from July to December and .A sunrise field visit to a disposal field located near the eastern edge of Bernalillo County, New Mexico, Jto conduct evapotranspiration measurements with a portable hemispherical evapotranspiration chamber.